Black and White Copies are Ideal for Certain Functions

Black and White printing is the result of printing with black ink on white paper, therefore the black & white designation. In reality there is just one single ink color, black, that lays on top of one of the many substrates that can be used to print

  • Black and white on copy paper
  • B/W on cardstock
  • Black ink on plastic substrates such as polyester or polypropylene
  • Black and white pictures and reproductions
  • Black ink can be also used to print on top of colored substrates such as paper and cardstock.

How Many Shades Can Be Obtained From a Single Black Ink?

NOTE: Shades of black will go from the dark 100% black ink to white, which represents 0% of black ink present. The transition from one to the other is a halftone print (as seen in the image)as opposed to a continuous color shift.

Our human eye sees the dots as a black and white shade...

The image displayed shows how a single ink can produce a shade that ranges from deep black to white. The image shows how the effect is achieved through halftones, which are represented in this picture

Using black ink you can get a full grayscale printed that goes from black to white. The human eye interpret the dots as a continuous color.

Offset and Digital printing methods use dots to draw. The interesting thing is that through halftones, we widen the scope of “colors” that can be printed with just one color, in this case, black 

Ways to Use Black and White Printing

The most common way in which people use black and white copies is to print a piece of artwork that has been designed in full color but can print in black and white. What happens when this concept is chosen is that according to the lightness/darkness of the full color image, a certain gray point is assigned to it. When the documents in full color are not very contrasted and are set in the same color range, it could get difficult to have good contrast in between different areas of the print.

The image displayed shows different squares filled with many colors on the left half, and on the right side of the image, the same sequence of squares has been transformed into black and white and gray colors. The image is pointing out that different colors will render about the same gray colors

Transformation of colors into black and white. Different colors, based on intensity and luminosity get transformed into different grays. In this example, a light blue and an orange generate about the same gray shade.

The most efficient way of getting the best results, and achieve impact on a piece that could otherwise be considered “boring” is to create designs that from the initial stages are planned for black and white printing. 

As mentioned above, grayscales will be transformed into halftones and the richness of the printed sheet will be so much better.

This one image shows two ways to obtain the effect of a gray. The left portion of the image shows a gray-covered-area. The right portion shows the equivalent effect achieved with black dots on top a white substrate. In this case it is required a 37% of the area to be covered with black dots to obtain the same result of a gray uniform application.
Gray Vs Halftone Effect - Left Image: shows a gray ink that fully covers the area. Because we use just black as the printing ink, we have to create dots of a size so that they render the same effect of the gray.  Right Image: it requires 37% of the area to be covered with black dots to render the same effect 

What Can You Print With Black and White?

  • For schools, PTAs, PTOs,: Handouts, homework instructions, reports, forms required by the school, notepads, direct mailing campaigns
  • Manufacturing companies can use black and white printing to print forms where records of the production process, reports on quality, internal memos, carbonless forms for inventory reports, training manuals, pallet labels and product identification, maintenance documentation, floor plans, evacuation, documentation, emergency operations manuals, notepads, direct mailing campaigns
  • Medical field: Sign-in forms, first-visit patient information, consent-to-be-treated forms, educational materials to be made available for patients, charts, procedures and protocols, internal reports. Direct mailing campaigns
  • Businesses: Black and white is perfect to print invoices, NCR invoices, receipts, reports, emergency procedures, file cabinet organization and record keeping, notepads, business cards, direct mailing campaigns
  • Restaurants: Menus, order taking, reports of daily activity, loyalty cards, direct mailing campaigns
  • Law firms: Reports, procedures, training manuals, note taking books, notepads
  • Individuals / Home: Black and white photography, notepads, invitations
  • Other industries and home: All of the above and more.

Most popular sizes of black and white copies

  • 8.5x11 or letter size
  • 11x17 used mainly in the restaurant industry
  • 4.25”x11” which is half a page (portrait) used to create lists and more
  • 5.5”x8.5” which is a landscape half page used for notepads, reports, etc
  • 8.5”x14” which is a legal size, not very popular other than in law firms


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A double-sided sheet counts as 2 pages

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Standard Colored Text PaperCover Stock - Card StockSynthetic - Water & Tear ResistantSpecialty Paper
Text Weigh Papers
Standard Colored Text Paper
Cover Stock - Card Stock
Synthetic - Water & Tear Resistant
Specialty Paper

ColorCopiesUSA offers a number of standard alternative stocks for use in offset and digital laser printing.

All of the paper that ColorCopiesUSA utilized for its production process is enviromentally friendly and manufactured or beyond the current standards. Be confident on the fact that we care about the environment . 

Please review some additional information published regarding paper

About the size of paper

Choose the right paper



The following are the categories of paper available in our website. Different products and different levels of service will allow to select just some of these. The intention set by this page is to provide a birds-eye of options:

Text Weight Papers - Uncoated  Options

  • 20# equivalent to 50# uncoated: Finish is smooth. This one is an entry level paper recommended for one-side printing. The paper is not very dense. Lightweight
  • Pastel / Bright colors: In the section to order "color copies", a number of pastel soft and bright-colors are offered. The following is a screen shot that comes out of our ordering page:
  •  A selection of brigh color paper and pastel color paper is offered for color copies
  • 24# equivalent to 60# uncoated white paper: This is a good option for double-sided printing. It is a thicker paper, smoother fibers and looks and feels perfect for most regular applications, especially if the user is expected to write on the paper.
  • 28# equivalent to 70# uncoated white paper: This is higher quality paper. There is more body to it, less see-through and will make more elegant documents, especially when the documents are part of manuals, booklets or other projects
  • 32# equivalent to 80# uncoated white paper: This category of paper is a premium quality. This paper feels important, because of the smoothness and high quality of manufacturing, it allows for very high quality of printing. 


Specialty Papers -Linen

  • Linen textured finishing is offered in white and off-white or cream, often called Natural White. Linen is stylish, and is the perfect stock for higher-end letterhead, business cards, matching envelopes, invitations and other documents that denote a more upscale look and feel. 

Text Weight Papers - Coated Options
Coated papers, as opposed to uncoated paper, is only manufactured in white. The color in this paper comes from the pulp in the middle of the paper, and the external coating. 

Because the coating is applied with very smooth rollers, the ink, especially in offset printing, applies very smoothly, does not get absorbed by the fibers and the result is a sharper quality of print. 


  • 80# Coated Paper: Available in gloss and matte/semigloss finish:  Used for handouts, data sheets, pamphlets, tri-fold brochures, restaurant menus, photobooks, inside pages of booklets, inside pages of coil, wire or perfect binding books
  • 100# Coated Paper: Available in gloss and matte/semigloss finish: This is a thicker coated paper 


Cover Weight Stock - Coated Options
As on coated text weight paper, the cover stock has a coated finishing as well. In offset printing, the transparency of the ink produces a nice sharpness in the printing quality and the colors shine beautifully.

  • 100# and 80# Cover: These can be both used for covers of booklets, stapled publications, posters, announcement cards, event invitations and more. 100# weight is thicker than 80% cover stock. These two can be used for personal cards, invitations, announcements, covers of books, covers of booklets and perfect bound pieces as well.

Extra Thick Cover Weight Stock - Coated Options

  • 14Pt and 16Pt Cover: These can be both used for business cards, postcards, greeting cards, posters and diplomas. The coating on these is in between gloss/semigloss. Coatings such as UV will provide additional gloss to the finishing.


The type of paper used for difference purposes is expressed in weight. In the countries following the European system, it is grammes per square metre (gsm or g/m2 or simply g) and in the US system it is Pound (lb).

The paper used for writing/printing (letterheads and such stationery) is generally between 60 to 120 gsm (20 to 70 lb) and is called the paper or text stock. Anything heavier than this is considered the card stock, i.e. the paper used for business cards, postcards, greeting cards, etc.

24# Whiter  and thicker 92 bright paper28# Super 96 white paper32# Digital 96 brightness80# Coated Text: Gloss80# Coated Text: Matt100# Coated Text: Gloss100# Coated Text: Matt

Choosing Bleed will require special file preparation. 

No Bleed: white unprinted border is OK
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